State Coastal Zone Management Plan
State Coastal Zone Management Authority
Coastal Zone Management Committees
Central Government have declared the coastal stretches of seas, bays,
estuaries, creeks, rivers and back waters which are influenced by tidal
action (in the landward side) up to 500 mts. from the High Tide Line (HTL)
and the land between the Low Tide Line (LTL) and the HTL as “Coastal
Regulation Zone” (CRZ), on 19.2.1991.
Criteria and Regulatory Norms:
The coastal regulation zone has been classified as CRZ-I, CRZ-II and CRZ-II
in the State for the purpose of regulation of the permitted activities.
: Ecological sensitive area and the area between High Tide Line
(HTL) and Low Tide Line (LTL). No new construction is permitted except
for a few specified most essential activities like support activities
for Atomic Energy Plants and Defense requirements, facilities required
for disposal of treated effluents and other port related water front activities.
CRZ-II : The area that have been developed up to or close
to the shore line which includes the designated urban areas that are substantially
built up. Buildings permitted only on the landward side of the existing
road (or roads approved in the coastal zone Management Plan of the area)
or on the landward side of the existing authorized structures as defined
in the notification. Reconstruction
of the authorized buildings permitted subject to existing FSI/FAR norms
without change in the use.
CRZ-III : The areas that are relatively undisturbed and
those which do not belong to either CRZ-I or CRZ-II which includes mainly
the rural area and those not substantially built up within designated
urban areas. The area up to 200 mts. from HTL is earmarked as “No
Development Zone”. No construction is permitted within this zone
except for repairs to the existing authorized structures without exceeding
existing FSI, plinth area and density. Development
of vacant plots between 200 and 500 mts. of HTL is permitted in CRZ III
for the purpose of construction of dwelling units and hotels/beach resorts
subject to certain conditions.
Karnataka State Coastal
Zone Management Plan
Zone Management Plan (CZMP) of the state was prepared and was approved
by Ministry of Environment and Forest in the year 1996. According to this
areas covered under CRZ-I, CRZ-II and CRZ-III were identified using satellite
imagery and prepared maps in the scale 1:25,000. As the enforcement of
the law and the management of the zone from the point of view of protection
of environment using this maps was difficult the following steps are taken.
Demarcation of High Tide Line (HTL) and Low Tide Line (LTL) on the ground
and fixing reference pillars all along the coast and rivers.
• Preparation of local level Coastal Regulation Zone Maps on the
cadastral maps indicating HTL, LTL, 200 mt line, 100 mt line and other
lines required for the purpose of enforcement of the law, the reference
pillars and different zones of regulation.
above task has been entrusted to National Hydrographic Office, Dehradun
which is an organization under the Ministry of Defence of Government of
India and an agency authorized by Ministry of Environment of Forest for
this purpose at an estimated cost of Rs.2.34 crores. This project is funded
by KUIDFC under KUDCEMP.
and fixing of reference pillars is completed in Dakshina Kannada District
and the work is under progress in the other two districts.
of local level maps for Dakshina Kannada District is in the final stage
and mapping of other two districts has begun.
State Coastal Zone Management Authority
Karnataka State Coastal Zone Management Authority, has been constituted
vide notification No. S.O.21 (E), dated 04.01.2002 by MOEF, GOI as per
sub section (1) and (3) of section 3 of Environment (protection) Act,
1986 for a period of three years. the Authority consists of the following
persons for a period of three years.
Secretary, Department of Environment and Forests, Government of Karnataka
Department of Industries, Government of Karnataka
Karnataka State Pollution Control Board, Government of Karnataka
C.J. Saldhana, Ex-Director, Taxonomic Studies, Department of Botany,
St. Joseph's College, Bangalore
Pranabes Sanyal, Chief Conservator of Forests, Government of West
Department of Fisheries, Government of Karnataka, Bangalore
H. Honne Gowda, Director, Karnataka Remote Sensing Unit, Bangalore
Conservator of Forests, Regional Office,
Ministry of Environment and Forests, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala,
Environment Technical Cell, Department of Forest, Ecology and Environment,
Government of Karnataka
Authority has the following the functions;-
The Authority has the power to take the following measures for protecting
and improving the quality of the coastal environment and preventing, abating
and controlling environmental pollution in the coastal areas of the State
of Karnataka namely:-
I. Examination of proposals for changes or modifications in classification
of Coastal Regulation Zone areas and in the Coastal Zone Management Plan
(CZMP) received from the Karnataka State Government and making specific
recommendations to the National Coastal Zone Management Authority therefor.
II. (a) Inquire into cases of alleged violations of the provisions of
the said Act or the rules made thereunder, or under any other law which
is related to the objects of the said Act and, if found necessary in a
specific case, issuing directions under Section 5 of the said Act, insofar
as such directions are not inconsistent with any direction issued in that
specific case by the National Coastal Zone Management Authority or by
the Central Government;
(b) Review of cases involving violations of the provisions of the said
Act, and the rules made thereunder, or under any other law which is related
to the objects of the said Act, and if found necessary referring such
cases, with comments, for review to the National Coastal Zone Management
that the cases under subclauses (a) and (b) of this sub-paragraph may
either be taken up suo-moto or on the basis of complaint made by an individual
or a representative body or an organisation.
III. Filing complaints under Section 19 of the said Act in cases of non-compliance
of the directions issued by it under sub-clause (a) of sub-paragraph (ii)
of paragraph 11 of the Order.
IV. To take action under Section 10 of the said Act to verify the facts
concerning the issues arising from sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph
11 of this Order.
V. The Authority deal with environmental issues relating to Coastal Regulation
Zone, which may be referred to it by the Karnataka State Government, the
National Coastal Zone Management Authority or the Central Government.
VI. The Authority identifies ecologically sensitive areas in the Coastal
Regulation Zone and formulates area-specific management plans for such
VII. The Authority identifies coastal areas highly vulnerable to erosion
or degradation and formulates area specific management plans for such
VIII. The Authority identifies economically important stretches in Coastal
Regulation Zone and prepares Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plans
for the same.
IX. The Authority submits the plans prepared by it under paragraphs IV,
V and VI above and modifications thereof to the National Coastal Zone
Management Authority for examination and its approval.
X. The Authority examines all projects proposed in Coastal Regulation
Zone areas and give their recommendations before the, project proposals
are referred to the Central Government or the agencies who have been entrusted
to clear such projects under the notification, of the Government of India
in the Ministry of Environment and Forests vide number S.O.144(E) dated
19th February, 1991.
XI. The Authority ensures compliance of all specific conditions that are
stipulated and laid down in the approved Coastal Zone Management Plan
XII. The Authority ensures that at least two-third members of the Authority
are present during the meetings.
XIII. The Authority furnishes report of its activities at least once in
six months to the National Coastal Zone Management Authority.
XIV. The foregoing powers and functions of the Authority shall be subject
to the supervision and control of the Central Government.
XV. The Authority has its headquarters at Bangalore.
XVI. Any matter specifically not falling within the scope and jurisdiction
of the Authority will be dealt with by the statutory authorities concerned.
District Coastal Zone Management Committees
Government has constituted district Coastal Zone Management Committee
(DCZMC) in each of the coastal districts under the chairmanship the concerned
Deputy Commissioner. A local Non-Government Agency and Chief Executive
officers of the concerned Zilla Panchayath are the members of DCZMC and
the concerned DCF, CRZ is the Member Secretary. The DCZMC assists the
State Coastal Zone Management Authority in discharging the expected duties
apart from attending to the local issues concerned with the Coastal Regulation